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Why you don’t want diabetes and why your going to get it: secret facts of ancient legend


Facts About Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is neither preventable nor curable and while its cause is unknown, studies suggest that T1D results from a genetic predisposition, typically combined with an environmental trigger. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, which means that the body’s immune system attacks itself, much like celiac disease. 

What is Type 1 diabetes

In the case of Type 1 diabetes, the body attacks the insulin-producing beta cells. These are the cells in the body that produce insulin. Over time, people with Type 1 diabetes are left with none of these beta cells, also known as islet cells, and therefore cannot produce their own insulin. Insulin is the hormone that allows the body to use the glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream as energy – it kind of acts as a key that unlocks the body’s cells, allowing glucose to enter and be absorbed. Converting blood glucose is the body’s main way that it gets energy, so without insulin, it has to resort to breaking down bodily tissue such as muscle and fat stores. 

Health risks

Another potentially fatal consequence for people with Type 1 diabetes who aren’t on insulin therapy is Diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA. DKA occurs when there is an overload of glucose in the bloodstream because there is no regulating insulin. Diabetes can strike anyone, from any walk of life. And it does – in numbers that are dramatically increasing. Today, more than 30 million children and adults in the U.S. have been diagnosed with diabetes. Worldwide, more than 422 million people have diabetes. Diabetes is a serious condition that causes higher than normal blood sugar levels. Diabetes occurs when your body cannot make or effectively use its own insulin, a hormone made by special cells in the pancreas called islets (eye-lets). Insulin serves as a “key” to open your cells, to allow the glucose to enter — and allow you to use the glucose for energy. Without insulin, there is no “key.” So, the sugar builds up in the blood. The result: the body’s cells starve from the lack of glucose. And, the high level of “blood sugar” can damage eyes, kidneys, nerves, and the heart. Very high blood sugar levels can also lead to coma and death. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the most common forms of the disease, but there are also other kinds, such as gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy, as well as other forms. 

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a condition that occurs when the body can’t use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body’s cells. The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease. Stress hormones in your body may directly affect glucose levels. … Your body may not be able to process the glucose released by your firing nerve cells if you have diabetes. If you can’t convert the glucose into energy, it builds up in the bloodstream. This causes your blood glucose levels to rise. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes. Oral glucose tolerance test. For this test, you fast overnight, and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then you drink a sugary liquid, and blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours. There is no cure for diabetes. Neither type 1 (juvenile-onset or insulin-requiring) diabetes or type 2 (adult-onset) diabetes ever goes away.  


The patient’s insulin needs are minimal and some patients may actually find they can maintain normal or near-normal blood glucose taking little or no insulin. Diabetes is diagnosed using one of four simple blood tests in a doctor’s office or health clinic. The tests measure your blood glucose level, which means the amount of sugar in your blood. Many people with diabetes do not have symptoms so it is important to get tested if you have risk factors for the disease. In some cases, there are no symptoms — this happens at times with type 2 diabetes. In this case, people can live for months, even years without knowing they have the disease. This form of diabetes comes on so gradually that symptoms may not even be recognized.

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